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FLOW article published in Phys. Rev. Lett.

Published Oct 26, 2017

For the first time we have found the optimal route to turbulence, and the localized disturbance to a laminar flow that takes that route. We have used optimal control theory to optimize the route to the statistically steady turbulent state characterized by the largest entropy production.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and the Optimal Path to Turbulence in Shear Flows
A. Monokrousos, A. Bottaro, L. Brandt, A. Di Vita, D. S. Henningson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 134502, 2011. ( link )